Geo-Politics

Africa

Kingdom of Egypt

  • Monarch – Farouk I, King of Egypt (from 1936)
  • Prime Minister – Muhammad Mahmoud Pasha, Prime Minister of Egypt (from 1937)

Liberia

  • President – Edwin Barclay, President of Liberia (from 1930)

South Africa

  • Monarch – George VI, King of the British Dominions Beyond the Seas (from 1936)
  • Governor-General – Sir Patrick Duncan, Governor-General of South Africa (from 1937)
  • Prime Minister – J. B. M. Hertzog, Prime Minister of South Africa (from 1924)

Asia

Afghanistan

  • Monarch – Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (from 1933)
  • Prime Minister – Mohammad Hashim Khan, Prime Minister of Afghanistan (from 1929)

China

Taiwan Nationalist Government

  • Head of State – Lin Sen, Chairman of the National Government of China (from 1931)
  • Premier – H. H. Kung, President of the Executive Yuan of China (from 1938)

Provisional Government (puppet state of Japan)

  • Head of State – Wang Kemin, Chairman of the Provisional Government of China (from 1937)

Reformed Government (puppet state of Japan)

  • Chairman – Liang Hongzhi, Chairman of the Reformed Government of China (from 1938)

Manchukuo (puppet state of Japan)

  • Monarch – Puyi, Emperor of Manchukuo (from 1932)
  • Prime Minister – Zhang Jinghui, Prime Minister of Manchukuo (from 1935)

Tibet (unrecognized, de facto independent country)

  • Monarch – Tenzin Gyatso, Dalai Lama (from 1937)
  • Regent – Jamphel Yeshe Gyaltsen, Reting Rinpoche (from 1934)

Persia

  • Monarch – Reza Shah, Shah of Iran (from 1925)
  • Prime Minister – Mahmoud Jam, Prime Minister of Iran (from 1935)

Iraq

  • Monarch – Faisal II, King of Iraq (from 1939)
  • Regent – Prince ’Abd al-Ilah, Regent of Iraq (from 1939)
  • Prime Minister – Nuri al-Said, Prime Minister of Iraq (from 1938)

Japan

  • Monarch – Hirohito, Emperor of Japan (from 1926)
  • Prime Minister – Baron Hiranuma Kiichirō, Prime Minister of Japan (from 1939)

Mongolia

  • Communist Party Leader – Banzarjavyn Baasanjav, Secretary of the Central Committee of the Mongolian People’s Revolutionary Party (from 1936)
  • Head of State – Dansranbilegiin Dogsom, Chairman of the Presidium of the State Little Khural of Mongolia (from 1936)
  • Premier – Khorloogiin Choibalsan, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Mongolia (from 1938)

Muscat and Oman

  • Monarch – Said Bin Taimur, Sultan of Muscat and Oman (from 1932)

Nepal

  • Monarch – Tribhuvan, King of Nepal (from 1911)
  • Prime Minister – Juddha Shamsher Jang Bahadur Rana, Prime Minister of Nepal (from 1932)

Saudi Arabia

  • Monarch – Ibn Saud, King of Saudi Arabia (from 1902)

Thailand
Siam changed name to Thailand on June 23, 1939

  • Monarch – Ananda Mahidol, King of Thailand (from 1935)
  • Prime Minister – Plaek Phibunsongkhram, Prime Minister of Thailand (from 1938)

Turkey

  • President – İsmet İnönü, President of Turkey (from 1938)
  • Prime Minister – Refik Saydam, Prime Minister of Turkey (from 1939)

Tuva

  • Communist Party Leader – Salchak Toka, General Secretary of the Tuvan People’s Revolutionary Party (from 1932)
  • Head of State – Oyun Polat, Chairman of the Presidium of the Little Hural of Tuva (from 1938)
  • Premier – Bair Ondar, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Tuva (from 1938)

Yemen

  • Monarch – Yahya Muhammad Hamid ed-Din, King of Yemen (from 1904)

Europe

Albania (Italian protectorate under occupation)
Albania was turned into an Italian protectorate on April 16, 1939

  • Monarch – Victor Emmanuel III, King of Albania (from 1939)
  • Viceroy – Francesco Jacomoni, Lieutenant-General of Albania (from 1939)
  • Prime Minister – Shefqet Vërlaci, Prime Minister of Albania (from 1939)

Andorra

  • Monarchs -
    • French Co-Prince – Albert François Lebrun, French Co-Prince of Andorra (from 1932)
      • Co-Prince’s Representative – Jean Baptiste Laumond (from 1937)
    • Episcopal Co-Prince – Justí Guitart i Vilardebó, Episcopal Co-Prince of Andorra (from 1920)
      • Co-Prince’s Representative – Jaume Sansa Nequí (from 1937)
    • First Syndic – Francesc Cairat Freixes, First Syndic of Andorra (from 1937)

Belgium

  • Monarch – Leopold III, King of the Belgians (from 1934)
  • Prime Minister – Hubert Pierlot, Prime Minister of Belgium (from 1939)

Bohemia and Moravia (German protectorate under occupation)
Czechoslovakia was occupied and turned into a protectorate on March 15, 1939

  • German Governor – Konstantin von Neurath, Reich Protector of Bohemia and Moravia (from 1939)
  • President – Emil Hácha, State President of Bohemia and Moravia (from 1938)
  • Prime Minister – Alois Eliáš, Prime Minister of Bohemia and Moravia (from 1939)

Bulgaria

  • Monarch – Boris III, Tsar of the Bulgarians (from 1918)
  • Premier – Georgi Kyoseivanov, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Bulgaria (from 1935)

Free City of Danzig

  • High Commissioner – Carl Jacob Burckhardt, League of Nations High Commissioner for Danzig (from 1937)
  • Head of State – Arthur Greiser, President of the Senate of Danzig (from 1934)

Denmark

  • Monarch – Christian X, King of Denmark (from 1912)
  • Prime Minister – Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (from 1929)

Estonia

  • President – Konstantin Päts, President of Estonia (from 1933)
  • Prime Minister – Kaarel Eenpalu, Prime Minister of Estonia (from 1938)

Finland

  • President – Kyösti Kallio, President of Finland (from 1937)
  • Prime Minister – Aimo Cajander, Prime Minister of Finland (from 1937)

France
President – Albert François Lebrun, President of France (1932–1940)

  • Prime Minister – Édouard Daladier, President of the Council of Ministers of France (from 1938)

Germany

  • Head of State – Adolf Hitler, Führer of Germany (from 1934)
  • Chancellor – Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of Germany (from 1933)

Greece

  • Monarch – George II, King of the Hellenes (from 1935)
  • Prime Minister – Ioannis Metaxas, President of the Ministerial Council of Greece (from 1936)

Hungary

  • Head of State – Miklós Horthy, Regent of Hungary (from 1920)
  • Prime Minister – Count Pál Teleki, Prime Minister of Hungary (from 1939)

Iceland

  • Monarch – Christian X, King of Iceland (from 1918)
  • Prime Minister – Hermann Jónasson, Prime Minister of Iceland (from 1934)

Ireland

  • Monarch – George VI, King of Ireland (from 1936)
  • President – Douglas Hyde, President of Ireland (from 1938)
  • Prime Minister – Éamon de Valera, Taoiseach of Ireland (from 1932)

Italy

  • Monarch – Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy (from 1900)
  • Prime Minister – Benito Mussolini, President of the Council of Ministers of Italy (from 1922)

Latvia

  • President – Kārlis Ulmanis, President of Latvia (from 1936)
  • Prime Minister – Kārlis Ulmanis, Prime Minister of Latvia (from 1934)

Liechtenstein

  • Monarch – Franz Joseph II, Prince of Liechtenstein (from 1938)
  • Head of Government – Josef Hoop, Head of Government of Liechtenstein (from 1928)

Lithuania

  • President – Antanas Smetona, President of Lithuania (from 1926)
  • Prime Minister – Jonas Černius, Prime Minister of Lithuania (from 1939)

Luxembourg

  • Monarch – Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg (from 1919)
  • Prime Minister – Pierre Dupong, President of the Government of Luxembourg (from 1937)

Monaco

  • Monarch – Louis II, Prince of Monaco (from 1922)
  • Head of Government – Émile Roblot, Minister of State of Monaco (from 1937)

Netherlands

  • Monarch – Wilhelmina, Queen of the Netherlands (from 1890)
  • Prime Minister – Dirk Jan de Geer, Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Netherlands (from 1939)

Norway

  • Monarch – Haakon VII, King of Norway (from 1905)
  • Prime Minister – Johan Nygaardsvold, Prime Minister of Norway (from 1935)

Poland

  • President – Ignacy Mościcki, President of Poland (from 1926)
  • Prime Minister – Felicjan Sławoj Składkowski, President of the Council of Ministers of Poland (from 1936)

Portugal

  • President – Óscar Carmona, President of Portugal (from 1926)
  • Premier – António de Oliveira Salazar, President of the Council of Ministers of Portugal (from 1932)

Romania

  • Monarch – Carol II, King of the Romanians (from 1930)
  • Premier – Armand Călinescu, President of the Council of Ministers of Romania (from 1939)
  • San Marino
    Captains Regent – Pompeo Righi and Marino Morri, Captains Regent of San Marino (1939)

Slovakia
Independence declared on 14 March 1939

  • President – Jozef Tiso, President of Slovakia (from 1939)
  • Prime Minister – Jozef Tiso, Prime Minister of Slovakia (from 1939)

Soviet Union

  • Communist Party Leader – Joseph Stalin, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (from 1922)
  • Head of State – Mikhail Kalinin, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (from 1919)
  • Premier – Vyacheslav Molotov, Chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars of the Soviet Union (from 1930)

Spain

  • Head of State – Francisco Franco, Head of State of Spain (from 1936)
  • Prime Minister – Francisco Franco, President of the Government of Spain (from 1938)

Sweden

  • Monarch – Gustaf V, King of Sweden (from 1907)
  • Prime Minister – Per Albin Hansson, Prime Minister of Sweden (from 1936)

Switzerland

  • Federal Council:
    • Giuseppe Motta (from 1911), Marcel Pilet-Golaz (from 1928), Rudolf Minger (from 1929), Philipp Etter (from 1934, President), Johannes Baumann (from 1934), Hermann Obrecht (from 1935), Ernst Wetter (from 1938)

United Kingdom

  • Monarch – George VI, King of the United Kingdom (from 1936)
  • Prime Minister – Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (from 1937)

Vatican City

  • Monarch – Pope Pius XII, Sovereign of Vatican City (from 1939)
  • Governor – Marquis Camillo Serafini, Governor of Vatican City (from 1929)
  • President of the Governorate – Cardinal Nicola Canali, President of the Governorate of Vatican City (from 1939)
    Holy See (sui generis subject of public international law)
  • Secretary of State – Cardinal Luigi Maglione, Cardinal Secretary of State (from 1939)

Yugoslavia

  • Monarch – Peter II, King of Yugoslavia (from 1934)
  • Regent – Prince Paul + Radenko Stanković + Ivo Perović, Regency of Yugoslavia (from 1934)
  • Prime Minister – Dragiša Cvetković, Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (from 1939)

North America

Canada

  • Monarch – George VI, King of the British Dominions Beyond the Seas (from 1936)
  • Governor General – John Buchan, Baron Tweedsmuir, Governor General of Canada (from 1935)
  • Prime Minister – William Lyon Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada (from 1935)

Costa Rica

  • President – León Cortés Castro, President of Costa Rica (from 1936)

Cuba

  • President – Federico Laredo Brú, President of Cuba (from 1936)

Dominican Republic

  • De facto Head of State – Rafael Trujillo, de facto ruler of the Dominican Republic (from 1930)
  • President – Jacinto Peynado, President of the Dominican Republic (from 1938)

El Salvador

  • President – Maximiliano Hernández Martínez, President of El Salvador (from 1935)

Guatemala

  • President – Jorge Ubico, President of Guatemala (from 1931)

Haiti

  • President – Sténio Vincent, President of Haiti (from 1930)

Honduras

  • President – Tiburcio Carías Andino, President of Honduras (from 1933)

Mexico

  • President – Lázaro Cárdenas, President of Mexico (1934–1940)

Nicaragua

  • President – Anastasio Somoza García, President of Nicaragua (from 1937)

Panama

  • President – Juan Demóstenes Arosemena, President of Panama (from 1936)

*United States of America&

  • President – Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United States (from 1933)

Oceania

Australia

  • Monarch – George VI, King of the British Dominions Beyond the Seas (from 1936)
  • Governor-General – Alexander Hore-Ruthven, Baron Gowrie, Governor-General of Australia (from 1936)
  • Prime Minister – Robert Menzies, Prime Minister of Australia (from 1939)

New Zealand

  • Monarch – George VI, King of the British Dominions Beyond the Seas (from 1936)
  • Governor-General – George Monckton-Arundell, Viscount Galway, Governor-General of New Zealand (from 1935)
  • Prime Minister – Michael Joseph Savage, Prime Minister of New Zealand (from 1935)

South America

Argentina

  • President – Roberto María Ortiz, President of Argentina (from 1938)

Bolivia
President – Carlos Quintanilla, Provisional President of Bolivia (from 1939)

Brazil

  • President – Getúlio Vargas, President of Brazil (from 1930)

Chile

  • President – Pedro Aguirre Cerda, President of Chile (from 1938)

Colombia

  • President – Eduardo Santos, President of Colombia (from 1938)

Ecuador

  • President – Aurelio Mosquera, President of Ecuador (1938–1939)

Paraguay

  • President – Félix Paiva, President of Paraguay (from 1937)

Peru

  • President – Óscar R. Benavides, President of Peru (from 1933)
  • Prime Minister – Ernesto Montagne Markholz, President of the council of ministers of Peru (from 1936)

Uruguay

  • President – Alfredo Baldomir, President of Uruguay (from 1938)

Venezuela

  • President – Eleazar López Contreras, President of Venezuela (from 1936)

Geo-Politics

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